This paper describes the perspectives of Japanese child welfare professionals, educators, and children living in state care on how to support the well-being of maltreated children. It focuses on a Japanese indigenous concept, Ibasho. Ibasho is a Japanese term that originally means "whereabouts" and connotes a place where a person feels acceptance, security, belonging, and/or coziness. In this study, most children with maltreatment histories described characteristics of Ibasho at their child care institutions, school, or both. Adults emphasized the importance of maltreated children's acquisition of Ibasho. They believed that part of their role involved creating an accepting atmosphere to support maltreated children in finding their Ibasho. Adults described poor social skills, withdrawn or fearful behaviors, aggressive behaviors, and superficial interpersonal relationships as impediments to Ibasho creation in some maltreated children. They attempted to support children's Ibasho creation by developing good interpersonal relationships with the children; supporting children's positive peer relationships, academic achievement, and integration into the larger community; and fostering collaborative relations between school and child care institution. Implications for U.S. social work policies and practices are discussed.
- Maltreated children
- State care