High adsorption capability and selectivity of ZnO nanoparticles for dye removal

Fan Zhang, Xin Chen, Fenghuang Wu, Yuefei Ji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

63 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study, the removal of both cationic dye (malachite green, called MG for short) and anionic dyes (acid fuchsin and Congo red, called AF and CR) by ZnO nanoparticles from aqueous solution was investigated. The adsorption process is dependent on pH and temperature. The adsorption for MG, AF, and CR is spontaneous and exothermic. The adsorption process can be well described by the pseudo-second-order kinetic model and the Langmuir isotherm model. The maximum adsorption capacity is 2963, 3307, and 1554 mg/g for MG, AF, and CR in this work, respectively. Chemical precipitation, electrostatic attraction, and hydrogen bonding are mainly responsible for the binding mechanism. The used ZnO nanoparticles could be reused for five cycles without a significant loss of adsorption ability. Furthermore, the ZnO nanoparticles showed selective adsorption in the case of mixed dyes. Overall, we provide a highly effective and selective adsorbent with reusability in multi-dye adsorption system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)474-483
Number of pages10
JournalColloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects
Volume509
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 20 2016

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Funds of China (Grant No. 51402153 ) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Grant No. KJQN201553 ).

Keywords

  • Adsorption capacity
  • Dye removal
  • Recycling
  • Selectivity
  • ZnO nanoparticles

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