Kilometer-scale lenses of quartz-rich metasedimentary rocks crop out in a discontinuous belt along the southern margin of the Menderes Massif, Turkey, and preserve evidence for high-pressure-low-temperature (H. P-L. T) metamorphism related to subduction of a continental margin during Alpine orogeny. Kyanite schist, quartzite, and quartz veins contain kyanite. +. phengite. +. Mg-chlorite, and the veins also contain magnesiocarpholite. A deformed carbonate metaconglomerate juxtaposed with the quartzite-dominated unit does not contain H. P index minerals, and likely represents the tectonized boundary of the siliceous rocks with adjacent marble. The H. P-L. T rocks (10-12kbar, 470-570°C) record different pressure conditions than the adjacent, apparently lower pressure Menderes metasedimentary sequence. Despite this difference there is disagreement as to whether these H. P-L. T rocks are part of the Menderes sequence or are related to the tectonically overlying Cycladic blueschist unit. If the former, the entire southern Menderes Massif experienced H. P-L. T metamorphism but the evidence has been obliterated from most rocks; if the latter, rocks recording different metamorphic-kinematic conditions experienced different tectonic histories and were tectonically juxtaposed during thrusting. Based on observations and data in this study, the second model better accounts for the differences in P- T-deformation histories of the southern Menderes Massif rocks, and suggests that the H. P-L. T rocks are not part of the Menderes cover sequence.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported in part by NSF grant EAR-0409776 and graduate research funds from the Department of Geology and Geophysics. Valerie Morgan's summer internship at UMN was supported by NSF-Research Experiences for Undergraduates grant EAR-0243526.
© 2007 Elsevier B.V.
- Blueschist facies
- HP-LT metamorphism
- Kyanite schist
- Menderes Massif