Historical trends affecting accumulation of sediment and phosphorus in Lake Pepin, upper Mississippi River, USA

D J Mulla, Adam C. Sekely

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study was conducted to collect historical land use information that would help explain the historical patterns in accumulation of sediment and phosphorus in Lake Pepin documented by Engstrom et al. (J Paleolimnol, this issue). A wide range of historical factors including cropping systems, phosphorus applications from fertilizer and manure, human and animal populations, river flows and phosphorus discharges from waste water treatment plants were studied using statistical methods. Results showed that sediment losses from the Minnesota River basin are significantly correlated with historical increases in river flows, row crop production acreage and basin population. Total phosphorus accumulations in the sediments of Lake Pepin are significantly correlated with increased phosphorus discharges from metropolitan area wastewater treatment plants, and increases in row crop acreage and river flows. Total phosphorus inflows to Lake Pepin are significantly correlated with increases in river flows, row crop acreage and phosphorus fertilizer applied to agricultural lands.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)589-602
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Paleolimnology
Volume41
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2009

Keywords

  • Lake Pepin
  • Land use change
  • Phosphorus
  • Sediment
  • Trend analysis
  • Water quality

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