Hopping conductance in molecular wires exhibits a large heavy-atom kinetic isotope effect

Quyen van Nguyen, C. Daniel Frisbie

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We report a large kinetic isotope effect (KIE) for intramolecular charge transport in π-conjugated oligophenyleneimine (OPI) molecules connected to Au electrodes. 13C and 15N substitution on the imine bonds produces a conductance KIE of ∼2.7 per labeled atom in long OPI wires >4 nm in length, far larger than typical heavy-atom KIEs for chemical reactions. In contrast, isotopic labeling in shorter OPI wires <4 nm does not produce a conductance KIE, consistent with a direct tunneling mechanism. Temperature-dependent measurements reveal that conductance for a long 15N-substituted OPI wire is activated, and we propose that the exceptionally large conductance KIEs imply a thermally assisted, through-barrier polaron tunneling mechanism. In general, observation of large conductance KIEs opens up considerable opportunities for understanding microscopic conduction mechanisms in π-conjugated molecules.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2638-2643
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number7
StatePublished - Feb 24 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors acknowledge the financial support of the National Science Foundation (CHE-2003199). Parts of this work were carried out in the Characterization Facility, University of Minnesota, which receives partial support from the NSF through the MRSEC (Award Number DMR-2011401) and NNCI programs (Award Number ECCS-2025124).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 American Chemical Society

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  • Journal Article

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