The initial in vitro observation that cultured keratinocytes, when treated with cytokines such as gamma interferon, increased the binding of T lymphocytes, opened up a whole new avenue of research to understand epidermal trafficking patterns in inflammatory skin diseases. A growing body of data strongly supports the in vivo role of lymphocyte-function-associated antigen- 1 (CD18) expression by T cells in the binding to intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (CD54) expressing keratinocytes. To further explore the molecular basis for other possible adhesive interactions involving T cells and skin- derived cellular constituents, the authors used 2 cell lines (HUT 78 cells and Jurkat cells) and added them to multipassaged human keratinocytes, fibroblasts, and melanocytes. The skin-derived cells were treated with cytokines alone, or in combination, with a phorbol ester. HUT cells were capable of binding to keratinocytes in the absence of pretreatment with cytokines at 25°C, which was not inhibited by anti-CD18 antibodies, or sensitive to reducing the temperature of the adhesion assay to 7°C. Fibroblasts and melanocytes also constitutively bound HUT cells, but the binding to fibroblasts was highly temperature-sensitive. When keratinocytes were pretreated for 48 hours with gamma interferon plus phorbol ester, a 'superadhesive' state was induced, resulting in a synergistically increased binding ability of both HUT cells and Jurkat cells. This effect was related to quantitative increases in keratinocyte intercellular adhesion molecule-1 expression. Several other clear-cut qualitative and quantitative differences were detectable in the ability of HUT cells and JS cells to bind to nontreated and cytokine/phorbol ester-treated keratinocytes, fibroblasts, and melanocytes. These results emphasize the complexity of molecular associations underlying T-cell trafficking patterns, potentially operative in the dermal and epidermal compartments of the skin.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||American Journal of Pathology|
|State||Published - 1992|