Hypomagnesemia masking the appearance of elevated parathyroid hormone concentrations in familial pseudohypoparathyroidism

D. B. Allen, A. L. Friedman, F. R.R.W. Greer Chesney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

A 21-yr-old postpartum woman was found to be hypocalcemic and hypomagnesemic with a normal serum immunoreactive parathormone level (hypomagnesemic hypoparathyroidism). She was treated with calcitriol, calcium and magnesium. Two yr later the patient's son presented with tetany, hypocalcemia and the physical changes of pseudohypoparathyroidism. Subsequently, the patient's niece and nephrew were also diagnosed with pseudohypoparathyroidism (low serum calcium, high serum phosphorus, high circulating immunoreactive parathormone). Re-evaluation of the patient on the above medical therapy showed a normal serum calcium, phosphorus and magnesium levels and an abnormally high serum immunoreactive parathormone level. The patient's magnesium supplementation was discontinued. No change in serum calcium, magnesium or parathormone levels resulted. We think that this patient demonstrates that hypomagnesemia can mask the laboratory presentation of pseudohypoparathyroidism by suppressing secretion of parathormone and further demonstrates that in pseudohypoparathyroidism the parathyroid gland retains its physiologic response to hypomagnesemia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)153-158
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1988

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