Identification and mapping of a leaf rust resistance gene in barley line Q21861

I. G. Borovkova, Y. Jin, B. J. Steffenson, A. Kilian, T. K. Blake, A. Kleinhofs

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39 Scopus citations

Abstract

Barley line Q21861 possesses an incompletely dominant gene (RphQ) for resistance to leaf rust caused by Puccinia hordei. To investigate the allelic and linkage relations between RphQ and other known Rph genes, F2 populations from crosses between Q21861 and donors of Rph1 to Rph14 (except for Rph8) were evaluated for leaf rust reaction at the seedling stage. Results indicate that RphQ is either allelic with or closely linked to the Rph2 locus. A doubled haploid population derived from a cross between Q21861 and SM89010 (a leaf rust susceptible line) was used for molecular mapping of the resistance locus. Bulked segregant analysis was used to identify markers linked to RphQ, using random amplified polymorphic DNAs (RAPDs), restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs), and sequence tagged sites (STSs). Of 600 decamer primers screened, amplified fragments generated by 9 primers were found to be linked to the RphQ locus; however, only 4 of them were within 10 cM of the target. The RphQ locus was mapped to the centromeric region of chromosome 7, with a linkage distance of 3.5 cM from the RFLP marker CD0749. Rm2, an RFLP clone from the ribosomal RNA intergenic spacer region, was found to be very closely linked with RphQ, based on bulked segregant analysis. An STS marker, ITS1, derived from Rm2, was also closely linked (1.6 cM) to RphQ.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)236-241
Number of pages6
JournalGenome
Volume40
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997

Keywords

  • Allelism testing
  • Hordeum vulgare
  • Linkage
  • Molecular markers
  • Puccinia hordei

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