A natural outbreak of Streptococcus suis meningitis in two closed swine herds was studied. DNA fingerprinting, serotyping, and biochemical profiles were assessed. Multiple serotypes were recovered from these herds. In farm A, 50 S. suis strains were isolated from 330 swabs collected. Eighteen strains belonged to serotype 2, and 32 strains belonged to serotypes 3, 5, 6, 8, 9, and 11. In farm B, 16 S. suis strains were recovered from a total of 70 samples. Eight strains belonged to serotype 7, and eight belonged to serotypes 2, 3, 5, and 8. In each epidemiological situation, a single strain characterized by a distinctive restriction fragment pattern predominated among affected penmates. The epidemic serotype 2 strain was detected in farm A in weaned pigs between the ages of 5 and 7 weeks. In contrast, the pathogenic strain in farm B belonged to serotype 7 and was isolated from pigs up to 3 weeks of age. The results from both farms strongly suggest a lateral spread of these organisms. No vertical transmission could be shown in either herd. It was concluded that genomic fingerprinting is an appropriate method to distinguish outbreak isolates of S. suis from nonoutbreak strains, within the same serotype or from epidemiologically unrelated clusters of strains.