Identificaton and characterization of stamen- and tapetum-specific genes from tomato

Alan G. Smith, Charles S. Gasser, Kim A. Budelier, Robert T. Fraley

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53 Scopus citations

Abstract

Differential screening of a tomato cDNA library produced from pre-anthesis stamens resulted in the isolation of 25 cDNA clones that hybridized to probes made from stamen RNA and showed no hybridization to probes made from RNA of vegetative organs. The 25 clones were found to represent 11 noncross-hybridizing classes. The majority of these clones were derived from genes that were single or low copy in the tomato genome. Northern RNA blotting experiments of vegetative and floral organs at several stages of development demonstrated that expression in all 11 classes was confined to floral organs. Of the 11 classes 9 were found to be expressed exclusively in stamens prior to anthesis. Two classes showed expression in immature stamens and in petals, with one of these two additionally being expressed in mature stamens at anthesis. Clones from three of the classes that were expressed exclusively in stamens were used as probes for in situ localization of RNA in floral organs. These experiments demonstrated that expression of the genes corresponding to these clones was confined to the tapetal cells of the anthers. Expression of one of the three genes was found to be limited to a single cell type during the 5-6 day period from late meiosis to immature pollen formation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9-16
Number of pages8
JournalMGG Molecular & General Genetics
Volume222
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 1990

Keywords

  • Differential screening
  • In situ hybridization
  • Stamen development
  • Tapeturn
  • cDNA cloning

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