Because IGF- lisa natural cardioprotective which migh; improve cardiac function and stimulates growth and proliferation of carfiac myocytes, there is considerable interest to elucidate the molecular f!iechanisms by which IGF-1 exerts these effects on cardiac myocytes We show here that IGF-1 stimulated polyphosphoinositide turnover (mrw at 30s, 65%) and a rapid translocation of PKC isoforms (a, E srd 8) from the soluble lo tiic paniculate fraction IGF-1 also increased both phospholipid- dependent and Ca2\ phospholipid- dependent PKC activities (max. a 2-fold increase at 5 and 15 min for paniculate and soluble fractions, respectively). IGF-1 promoted translocation of ERK to the nucleus, associated with an activation and tyrosine phosphorylaticn of ERK (max at 5 min, 40% of ERK phosphorylated) Prolonged phorbol ester exposure of cells down-regulated subsequent activation of ERKs by IOF-1, suggesting a role of PKC isoforms in this ERK activation. IGF-1 stimulated protein synthesis rate and increased cardiac myocyte cell size, hypertrophie effects inhibited by PKC and ERK inhibitors. Thus, activation of PKC-ERK pathway appears to be important in the hypertrophie effect of IGF-1 on cardiac myocytes Supported by FONDECYT grants 1950452 and 2950002.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1997|