Immunohistochemical Staining and Enzyme Activity Measurements Show myo‐Inositol‐1‐Phosphate Synthase to Be Localized in the Vasculature of Brain

Yun‐Hua H. Wong, Sandra J. Kalmbach, Boyd K. Hartman, William R. Sherman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

63 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rabbit anti‐bovine myo‐inositol‐1‐phosphate synthase was used to examine the distribution of that enzyme in perfused and immersion‐fixed bovine brain and testis. In brain, intense and specific staining was found in the walls of all the vascular elements including cerebral capillaries. The remainder of brain parenchyma exhibited only low levels of background staining. In testis, an organ rich in the enzyme, blood vessels showed no specific staining. Instead, the enzyme was found in the seminiferous epithelium of the seminiferous tubules, perhaps localized in spermatozoa. To confirm the brain finding, the activity of myo‐inositol‐1‐phosphate synthase was measured in bovine brain microvessel preparations and brain pial vessels. In these preparations the activity of the enzyme was found on average to be 7 and 22 times enriched over that in whole brain, respectively. The activities of two other enzymes of inositol metabolism, myo‐inosose reductase and myo‐inositol‐1‐phosphatase, were also examined for their distribution in brain. Those enzymes were found to be generally distributed. The surprising finding of a vascular localization of myo‐inositol‐1‐phosphate synthase in brain raises new questions about the mechanism by which myo‐inositol is concentrated to such high cellular levels in the principal substance of that organ.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1434-1442
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
Volume48
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1987

Keywords

  • Bovine brain
  • Bovine testis
  • Enzyme activity
  • Immunohistochemical staining
  • myo‐Inositol‐1‐phosphate

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