Thyroid function is regulated by hypothalamic and pituitary hormones. In addition, it has become more and more evident recently that immunoglobulins can stimulate and inhibit growth and function of the thyroid, but this does not constitute a feedback mechanism. Radioactive iodine, given in diagnostic and therapeutic doses, is well tolerated. However, the massive dose of radioactive iodides expected to be released in nuclear catastrophes (for example, accidents at nuclear power plants or explosion of an atom bomb) carries a risk for the thyroid which may be diminished by the early administration of potassium iodide. Therapeutic radiation to the neck exposes the thyroid which may lead to thyroid cancer, thyroid nodules and disturbances of thyroid function.
|Translated title of the contribution||Immunologic and radiologic ill-effects on the thyroid|
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1983|