Impact of common variation in bone-related genes on type 2 diabetes and related traits

Liana K. Billings, Yi Hsiang Hsu, Rachel J. Ackerman, Josée Dupuis, Benjamin F. Voight, Laura J. Rasmussen-Torvik, Serge Hercberg, Mark Lathrop, Daniel Barnes, Claudia Langenberg, Jennie Hui, Mao Fu, Nabila Bouatia-Naji, Cecile Lecoeur, Ping An, Patrik K. Magnusson, Ida Surakka, Samuli Ripatti, Lene Christiansen, Christine DalgårdLasse Folkersen, Elin Grundberg, Per Eriksson, Jaakko Kaprio, Kirsten Ohm Kyvik, Nancy L. Pedersen, Ingrid B. Borecki, Michael A. Province, Beverley Balkau, Philippe Froguel, Alan R. Shuldiner, Lyle J. Palmer, Nick Wareham, Pierre Meneton, Toby Johnson, James S. Pankow, David Karasik, James B. Meigs, Douglas P. Kiel, Jose C. Florez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Exploring genetic pleiotropy can provide clues to a mechanism underlying the observed epidemiological association between type 2 diabetes and heightened fracture risk. We examined genetic variants associated with bone mineral density (BMD) for association with type 2 diabetes and glycemic traits in large well-phenotyped and -genotyped consortia. We undertook follow-up analysis in ∼19,000 individuals and assessed gene expression. We queried single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with BMD at levels of genome-wide significance, variants in linkage disequilibrium (r 2 > 0.5), and BMD candidate genes. SNP rs6867040, at the ITGA1 locus, was associated with a 0.0166 mmol/L (0.004) increase in fasting glucose per C allele in the combined analysis. Genetic variants in the ITGA1 locus were associated with its expression in the liver but not in adipose tissue. ITGA1 variants appeared among the top loci associated with type 2 diabetes, fasting insulin, β-cell function by homeostasis model assessment, and 2-h post-oral glucose tolerance test glucose and insulin levels. ITGA1 has demonstrated genetic pleiotropy in prior studies, and its suggested role in liver fibrosis, insulin secretion, and bone healing lends credence to its contribution to both osteoporosis and type 2 diabetes. These findings further underscore the link between skeletal and glucose metabolism and highlight a locus to direct future investigations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2176-2186
Number of pages11
JournalDiabetes
Volume61
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2012

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