Impact of hospital-acquired infection on long-term outcomes after endovascular and open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair

Rumi Faizer, Viktor Y. Dombrovskiy, Todd R. Vogel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: We hypothesized that infectious complications after open surgery (OPEN) and endovascular repair (EVAR) of nonruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) negatively affected long-term outcomes. Methods: Elective OPEN and EVAR cases were selected from 2005-2007 Medicare databases, and rates of postoperative infection, readmission, and longitudinal mortality were compared. Results: Forty thousand eight hundred ninety-two EVARs and 16,669 OPEN AAA repairs were evaluated. Patients with OPEN developed infection during and after the index hospitalization (12.8% and 4.9%, respectively) more often than those who had undergone EVAR (3.2% and 3.9%, respectively; P < 0.0001 for both). Patients with hospital-acquired infection compared to noninfectious ones were more likely to die during the index hospitalization (odds ratio [OR]: 3.7 [95% confidence interval {CI}: 3.22-4.30]) and within 30 days after discharge (OR: 3.6 [95% CI: 2.83-4.45]). They also were more likely to be readmitted to the hospital during 30 days after index discharge (OR: 1.8 [95% CI: 1.63-1.94]). Index infections associated with the greatest readmission were urinary tract infection after OPEN and sepsis after EVAR. Hospital-acquired infection significantly increased the duration of hospital stay (14.2 ± 13.2 vs 4.0 ± 4.4 days; P < 0.0001) and total hospital charges ($133,070 ± $136,100 vs $66,359 ± $45,186; P < 0.0001). The most common infections to develop 30 days after initial discharge were surgical site infection after EVAR (1.27%) and urinary tract infection after OPEN (1.38%). Conclusion: Hospital-acquired infections had a dramatic effect by increasing hospital and 30-day mortality, readmission rates, and hospital resource use after AAA repair. Programs minimizing infectious complications may decrease future readmissions and mortality after AAA repair.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)823-830
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of Vascular Surgery
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2014

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