Implicit Stereotyping in Person Judgment

Mahzarin R. Banaji, Curtis Hardin, Alexander J. Rothman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

297 Scopus citations


Three experiments demonstrated implicit gender stereotyping. A target's social category determined the use of previously primed stereotyped information, without Ss' awareness of such influence. After unscrambling sentences describing neutral or stereotyped behaviors about dependence or aggression, Ss evaluated a female or male target. Although ratings of female and male targets did not differ after exposure to neutral primes, Ss exposed to dependence primes rated a female target as more dependent than a male target who performed identical behaviors (Expreiment 1A). Likewise, Ss rated a male, but not a female, target as more aggressive after exposure to aggression primes compared with neutral primes (Experiment 1B). Experiment 2 replicated the implicit stereotyping effect and additionally showed no relationship between explicit memory for primes and judgment of target's dependence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)272-281
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of personality and social psychology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 1993

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