Gearbox failure is one of the major factors causing the increased downtime in modern wind turbines. This increases the turbine maintenance cost and therefore the turbine cost of energy. A hydrostatic transmission not only improves the turbine reliability through its “soft” transmission, but also eliminates the use of power converter through its continuous variable transmission function. A hydrostatic wind turbine usually employs a fixed displacement pump to drive a variable displacement motor. The variable displacement motor runs at partial displacement when the wind speed is below the rated wind speed, leading to low drivetrain efficiency. Moreover, large variable displacement motors for large utility wind turbine are not commercially available. Therefore in this paper a digital hydrostatic transmission solution for large utility wind turbine has been proposed. The large variable displacement motor was replaced by combining several fixed displacement motors and a small variable displacement motor with some digital encoding scheme. Two encoding schemes have been proposed for digital hydrostatic transmission. The modeling and design of the digital hydrostatic wind turbine were presented. A hydrostatic wind turbine control based on kw2 control law has been proposed. A dynamic simulation model of the digital hydrostatic wind turbine has been developed. The proposed digital hydrostatic drive solution has been compared with a conventional hydrostatic solution in a commercial 2.5 MW wind turbine. Simulation studies verified the feasibility and the engineering practice of the proposed digital hydrostatic drive solution.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for Central Universities .
- Digital hydrostatic drive
- Hydrostatic transmission
- Hydrostatic wind turbine
- Large utility wind turbine