The clinical extent of psoriasis pathology is regulated in part by defects in immune networks, including a defect in the suppressive actions of regulatory T cells. Recently, CD14+ HLA-DR–/low monocytic myeloid-derived suppressor cells (Mo-MDSCs) have been shown to suppress T-cell activation as one of their suppressive mechanisms. However, little is known about the role of Mo-MDSCs and their functional relationship to T-cell suppression in relation to human chronic immune-mediated inflammatory diseases, including psoriasis. Despite psoriasis being a hyperinflammatory condition, Mo-MDSCs were elevated in psoriatic patient peripheral blood mononuclear cells compared to nonpsoriatic healthy controls (2.6% vs. 0.9%, P < 0.002). Freshly isolated psoriatic Mo-MDSCs directly suppressed CD8 T-cell proliferation less efficiently than healthy control Mo-MDSCs. In addition, psoriatic Mo-MDSCs expressed reduced surface expression of programmed cell death protein 1 compared to healthy controls. Additional in vitro assays also demonstrated that psoriatic and control Mo-MDSCs both induce regulatory T-cell conversion from naïve T effector cells, but, importantly, the regulatory T cells induced by psoriatic Mo-MDSCs displayed decreased suppressive functionality. These results suggest that aberrations in psoriatic Mo-MDSCs prevent proper suppression of effector T-cell expansion and hamper the immune system's ability to correctly self-regulate.
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© 2016 The Authors
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