Background: Riata and Riata ST leads (St Jude Medical, Sylmar, CA) are prone to failure. There are no independent multicenter reports regarding Riata or Riata ST lead performance. Objective: To conduct a retrospective multicenter study of Riata and Riata ST leads that were implanted and followed at 7 centers. Methods: The study included adults who received St Jude Medical Riata or Riata ST leads. Data for Quattro Secure leads were obtained from an earlier study. Results: From 2002 to 2010, 1081 patients received a Riata (n = 774) or Riata ST (n = 307) lead. Follow-up was longer for Riata than Riata ST leads (4.2±2.4 years vs 3.3±1.7 years; P<.0001). During the study, 67 leads failed (6.2%), including 62 of 774 Riata (8.0%) and 5 of 307 Riata ST (1.6%) leads. Forty-seven of 67 lead failures (70.1%) were caused by electrical malfunction, and 20 lead failures (29.9%) were due to externalized conductors (ECs) that were electrically intact. Of 110 leads examined fluoroscopically, ECs were found in 26 of 81 Riata (32%) and 1 of 29 Riata ST (3.4%) leads. Of 26 Riata leads with ECs, 7 (27%) were malfunctioning. Riata leads had lower overall and malfunction free survival compared to Quattro leads (P<.0001), while Riata ST lead survival was not different (P =.422). Conclusions: The survival of Riata (but not Riata ST) leads was lower than Quattro leads; however, Riata ST leads had significantly shorter follow-up than Riata leads. ECs were common in Riata leads, and more than a quarter of Riata leads that had ECs were malfunctioning. Our observations suggest that systematic fluoroscopic examination of patients with Riata leads is appropriate.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by research grants from the Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation and the Abbott Northwestern Hospital Foundation.
Ms Gura has received honoraria and consultant fees from Boston Scientific. Dr Hayes serves in an advisory capacity at St Jude Medical and Medtronic; he is a speaker at St Jude Medical, Boston Scientific, Sorin, Biotronik, and Medtronic; and he is a member of steering committee at St Jude Medical and Medtronic. Dr DiMarco is as an investigator and a DSMB member at St Jude Medical and a consultant at Medtronic; he has received a lecture honorarium at Boston Scientific. Dr Saba has received research grant support from St Jude Medical, Medtronic, Boston Scientific, and Biotronik; he has intellectual property rights in Medtronic; and he is a consultant at St Jude Medical and Spectranetics.
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