The intracerebral administration of 5,6-dihydroxytryptamine (5,6-DHT) in the mouse inhibited the development of tolerance to and physical dependence on morphine induced by morphine pellet implantation. Reduction in tolerance development by 5,6-DHT was evidenced by the decreased amount of morphine necessary to produce analgesia and reduction in dependence development by the increase in the amount of naloxone necessary to induce precipitated withdrawal jumping in comparison with morphine-implanted animals receiving saline. Further evidence that 5,6-DHT reduced dependence development on morphine was evidenced by the fact that 5,6-DHT decreased the loss in body weight which occurred after abrupt morphine withdrawal. At the dose of 5,6-DHT used in this study (60 μg of the creatinine sulfate dihydrate 24 hr prior to morphine pellet implantation), the 5-HT level in the brain 4 days later was 75% of that of the control group while catecholamine levels remain unchanged. These studies substantiate the suggestion from this laboratory that central serotonergic system may be associated in the development of morphine tolerance and dependence.
- 5, 6-Dihydroxytryptamine
- Morphine tolerance and dependence