Because of their high protein and low lactose content, milk protein concentrates (MPC) are typically used in the formulation of ready-to-drink beverages. Calcium-mediated aggregation of proteins during storage is one of the main reasons for loss of storage stability of these beverages. Control and calcium-reduced MPC [20% calcium-reduced (MPC-20) and 30% calcium-reduced (MPC-30)] were used to evaluate the physicochemical properties in this study. This study was conducted in 2 phases. In phase I, 8% protein solutions were prepared by reconstituting the 3 MPC and adjusting the pH to 7. These solutions were divided into 3 equal parts, 0, 0.15, or 0.25% sodium hexametaphosphate (SHMP) was added, and the solutions were homogenized. In phase II, enteral dairy beverage formulations containing MPC and a mixture of gums, maltodextrin, and sugar were evaluated following the same procedure used in phase I. In both phases, heat stability, apparent viscosity, and particle size were compared before and after heat treatment at 140°C for 15 s. In the absence of SHMP, MPC-20 and MPC-30 exhibited the highest heat coagulation time at 30.9 and 32.8 min, respectively, compared with the control (20.9 min). In phase II, without any addition of SHMP, MPC-20 exhibited the highest heat coagulation time of 9.3 min compared with 7.1 min for control and 6.2 min for MPC-30. An increase in apparent viscosity and a decrease in particle size of reconstituted MPC solutions in phases I and II with an increase in SHMP concentration was attributed to casein micelle dissociation caused by calcium chelation. This study highlights the potential for application of calcium-reduced MPC in dairy-based ready-to-drink and enteral nutrition beverage formulations to improve their heat stability.
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© 2018 American Dairy Science Association
- dairy beverage
- milk protein concentrate
- sodium hexametaphosphate
- storage stability