Influence of somatotropin on lipid metabolism and IGF gene expression in porcine adipose tissue

C. K. Wolverton, M. J. Azain, J. Y. Duffy, M. E. White, T. G. Ramsay

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28 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study was designed to evaluate the effects of porcine somatotropin (pST) treatment (2 mg/day) and dietary fat (10%) separately and in combination on the metabolic activity of subcutaneous adipose tissue, serum adipogenic activity, and insulin-like growth factor (IGF) gene expression within adipose tissue from growing 5- to 6-mo-old barrows. This study attempted to determine how these factors might contribute to the reported changes in adiposity of treated swine. Biopsies of adipose tissue were collected after 28 days of treatment following anesthesia with thiopental sodium (15 mg/kg iv). Somatotropin inhibited in vitro glucose oxidation and lipogenesis in adipose tissue but did not affect fatty acid esterification. Adipogenic activity of serum was not altered by pST treatment. Subcutaneous adipose tissue contained mRNA for IGF-I and -II, and pST administration increased the abundance of IGF-I mRNA. Dietary fat had no effect on these variables. Thus somatotropin reduces glucose metabolism in porcine subcutaneous adipose tissue. Preadipocyte proliferation and differentiation are not affected by somatotropin through its actions on systemic factors. Dietary fat provides no additional benefit in combination with pST administration to affect accretion of adipose tissue in growing swine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E637-E645
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume263
Issue number4 26-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992

Keywords

  • adipogenic activity
  • fat cell
  • growth hormone
  • insulin-like growth factor
  • lipogenesis
  • somatomedin
  • swine

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