Influence of toilet access on antiretroviral adherence intention among pregnant and breastfeeding women who are HIV-positive and enrolled in Option B+

Jerry John Nutor, Jaime C. Slaughter-Acey, Shannon P. Marquez, Rose Ann DiMaria-Ghalili, Florence Momplaisir, Loretta S. Jemmott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

We investigated the influence of toilet access on intention to adhere to antiretroviral therapy (ART) among women who are HIV-positive and enrolled in Option B+. A convenience sample of 150 women residing in Lusaka (urban) and Sinazongwe (rural) Districts of Zambia were recruited. if they were seeking pre- or post-natal care and were enrolled in Option B+. Intention to adhere to ART was assessed using four questions based on the Theory of Planned Behavior; the median score was used to distinguish high intention from low intention. Descriptive statistics were used to characterize access to toilet facilities and ART adherence intention in the entire sample and by rural and urban districts in Zambia. There was no significant difference (p =.19) between rural and urban women’s access to a flush toilet. After adjusting for toilet access, however, rural women were significantly less likely to be in the high adherence intention group (PR = 0.80, 95% CI 0.71-0.90, p <.001) but access to a flush toilet was associated with adherence intention (PR = 1.14, 95% CI (1.00 − 1.30). Community-led total sanitation in Zambia could increase ART adherence intention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)261-275
Number of pages15
JournalHealth Care for Women International
Volume42
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We would like to extend our gratitude to the Dornsife Global Development Scholars Program at Drexel University and the staff of World Vision, Zambia who supported this project. We would also like to thank Dr. Kathryn Lee and Dr. Julene K. Johnson and Dr. Rachel T Nutor for their input in the revision of the manuscript.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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