Influence of trace elements on dental enamel properties: A review

Zeeshan Qamar, Zubaidah Binti Haji Abdul Rahim, Hooi Pin Chew, Tayyaba Fatima

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Dental enamel, an avascular, irreparable, outermost and protective layer of the human clinical crown has a potential to withstand the physico-chemical effects and forces. These properties are being regulated by a unique association among elements occurring in the crystallites setup of human dental enamel. Calcium and phosphate are the major components (hydroxyapatite) in addition to some trace elements which have a profound effect on enamel. The current review was planned to determine the aptitude of various trace elements to substitute and their influence on human dental enamel in terms of physical and chemical properties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)116-120
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Chemical properties
  • Dental enamel
  • Hydroxyapatite
  • Trace elements


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