Interaction between a stream which passes through an enclosure and natural convection within the enclosure

Ephraim M Sparrow, F. Samie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


An analysis has been made of the fluid flow and heat transfer in a vertically oriented cylindrical enclosure in whose lower and upper walls there are small apertures through which fluid passes into and out of the enclosure. The throughflow stream induces a recirculating flow in the enclosure. Furthermore, natural convection motions are induced in the enclosure owing to the temperature difference between the entering stream and the enclosure walls. The strengths of the forced and natural convection flows are respectively characterized by the Reynolds and Rayleigh numbers, and the latter may be either positive or negative depending on whether or not the wall temperature Tw exceeds the entering fluid temperature T0. When the throughflow stream is vertically upward, positive-Rayleigh-number natural convection (i.e. Tw > T0) opposes the throughflow-driven recirculation and reduces the heat transfer in the range of small and intermediate Rayleigh numbers. At high Rayleigh numbers, the throughflow stream is overpowered by the natural convection, with resulting high values of heat transfer. For negative Rayleigh numbers (i.e. Tw < T0), the heat transfer is little different from that for zero Rayleigh number.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1489-1502
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1982

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Interaction between a stream which passes through an enclosure and natural convection within the enclosure'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this