A series of 2′-fluoro-substituted dUMP/FdUMP analogues were synthesized, their interaction with human recombinant thymidylate synthase investigated, and structural 1H and 19F NMR study of the corresponding nucleosides performed. While 2′-F-dUMP (fluorine in the "down" configuration), in striking contrast to 2′-F-ara-UMP (fluorine in the "up" configuration) and 2′,2′′-diF-dUMP, showed substrate activity, 2′-F-ara-UMP and 2′,2′′-diF-dUMP were classic inhibitors, and 2′,5-diF-ara-UMP behaved as a strong slow-binding inhibitor, suggesting the 2′-F substituent in the "up" position to interfere with the active center cysteine thiol addition to the pyrimidine C(6) and the pyrimidine C(5)-F to prevent this interference. In support, the direct through space heteronuclear coupling JHF was observed for the fluorine "up" derivatives, 2′-F-ara-U and 2′,5-diF-ara-U, causing the splitting of the H(6) resonance lines. The absence of such splitting in 2′,2′′-diF-dUrd, indicating an unusual orientation of the base in relation to the furanose, was associated with an exceptionally weak interaction with the enzyme.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - Oct 12 2007|
- 2′-Fluoro-substituted dUMP analogues
- Thymidylate synthase