Interfacial microfluidic processing of metal-organic framework hollow fiber membranes

Andrew J. Brown, Nicholas A. Brunelli, Kiwon Eum, Fereshteh Rashidi, J. R. Johnson, William J. Koros, Christopher W. Jones, Sankar Nair

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

361 Scopus citations

Abstract

Molecular sieving metal-organic framework (MOF) membranes have great potential for energy-efficient chemical separations, but a major hurdle is the lack of a scalable and inexpensive membrane fabrication mechanism. We describe a route for processing MOF membranes in polymeric hollow fibers, combining a two-solvent interfacial approach for positional control over membrane formation (at inner and outer surfaces, or in the bulk, of the fibers), a microfluidic approach to replenishment or recycling of reactants, and an in situ module for membrane fabrication and permeation. We fabricated continuous molecular sieving ZIF-8 membranes in single and multiple poly(amide-imide) hollow fibers, with H2/C3H8 and C3H6/C3H8 separation factors as high as 370 and 12, respectively. We also demonstrate positional control of the ZIF-8 films and characterize the contributions of membrane defects and lumen bypass.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)72-75
Number of pages4
JournalScience
Volume345
Issue number6192
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Interfacial microfluidic processing of metal-organic framework hollow fiber membranes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this