National climate policies are shaped by international organizations (IOs) and global norms. Drawing from World Society Theory and the Advocacy Coalition Framework (ACF), we develop two related arguments: (1) one way in which IOs can influence national climate policy is through their engagement in mass-mediated national policy debates and (2) national organizations involved in the policy process may form advocacy coalitions to support or oppose the norms promoted by IOs. To examine the role of IOs in national policy debates and the coalitions that support and oppose them, we use discourse network analysis (DNA) on over 3500 statements in 11 newspapers in Canada, the United States (US), Brazil, and India. We find that in the high-income countries that are high per capita emitters (Canada and the US), IOs are less central in the policy debates and the discourse network is strongly clustered into competing advocacy coalitions. In the lower-income countries that are low per capita emitters (Brazil and India), IOs are more central and the discourse network is less clustered. Relating these findings to earlier research, we suggest that the differences we find between high and low per capita emitters may be to some extent generalizable to the relevant country groups beyond our four cases.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was funded by the Kone Foundation (Grant Nos. 085319 and 088557 ), the Academy of Finland (Grant No. 1266685 ) and the US National Science Foundation (Grant No. BCS-0827006 and STS-0751258 ). The data collection and analysis for the Canadian case was funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council .
- Advocacy coalition framework
- Climate policy
- Discourse network analysis
- Global norms
- International organizations