An interprofessional collaborative practice model was established at Hennepin County Medical Center to improve discharge management from the transitional care unit of the skilled nursing facility (SNF) to home. The practice model involves a geriatrician, nurse practitioner, and pharmacist who care for individuals at a community-based SNF. Before SNF discharge, the pharmacist conducts a chart and in-person medication review and collaborates with the nurse practitioner to determine the discharge medication regimen. The pharmacist's review focuses on assessing the indication, safety, effectiveness, and convenience of medications. The pharmacist provides follow-up in-home or over the telephone 1 week after SNF discharge, focusing on reviewing medications and assessing adherence. Hospitalizations and emergency department (ED) visits 30 days after SNF discharge of individuals who received care from this model was compared with those of individuals who received usual care from a nurse practitioner and geriatrician. From October 2012 through December 2013, the intervention was delivered to 87 individuals, with 189 individuals serving as the control group. After adjusting for age, sex, race, and payor, those receiving the intervention had a lower risk of ED visits (odds ratio (OR) = 0.46, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.22–0.97), although there was no significant difference in hospitalizations (OR = 0.47, 95% CI = 0.21–1.08). The study suggests that an interprofessional approach involving a pharmacist may be beneficial in reducing ED visits 30 days after SNF discharge.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2016, Copyright the Authors Journal compilation © 2016, The American Geriatrics Society
- medication-related problem
- skilled nursing facility
- transitions of care