Interval sorption of alkyl acetates and benzenes in poly(methyl acrylate)

Dustin W Janes, Ji Seung Kim, Christopher J. Durning

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Abstract

We describe a simple, low-cost, gas flow vapor sorption/desorption apparatus that enables "interval" or "differential" experiments on supported polymer films, with control of small step changes in diffusant weight fraction, ω1, to intervals as small as 0.1%. The apparatus permits accurate determination of the binary mutual diffusion coefficient D121) for ω1 up to at least 3% for "condensable" organic species that typically exhibit very sharp increases in D12 with the diffusant's weight fraction. We report results for two homologous series of diffusants, n-alkyl acetates and alkyl benzenes, in monodisperse poly(methyl acrylate) (PMA). The Vrentas-Duda free volume theory adequately accounts for the strong concentration dependence of D12 seen in all cases. Nearly constant values of the jump-unit size ratio, ξ, for the homologous set of n-alkyl acetates in the range ξ = 0.61-0.67 closely match those reported previously. For the alkyl benzenes, ξ for benzene (ξ = 0.78 ± 0.04) was higher than those for the larger homologues toluene, ethylbenzene, and cumene (ξ = 0.58-0.60). The ξ values for both homologous series are well-predicted by a free volume based estimate for eccentric diffusants, which jump as a single unit in a mixture whose components contribute different amounts of free volume per jump unit, according to their geometries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8765-8773
Number of pages9
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Volume52
Issue number26
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 3 2013

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