Astroviruses are non-enveloped, single-stranded RNA viruses that infect mammalian and avian species. In humans, astrovirus infections are one of the most common causes of gastroenteritis in children. Infection has also been linked to serious neurological complications, especially in immunocompromised individuals. More extensive disease has also been characterized in non-human mammalian and avian species. To date, astroviruses have been detected in over 80 different avian and mammalian hosts. As the number of hosts continues to rise, the need to understand how astroviruses transmit within a given species as well as to new host species becomes increasingly important. Here, we review the current understanding of astrovirus transmission, the factors that influence viral spread, and the potential for cross-species transmission. Additionally, we highlight the current gaps in knowledge and areas of future research that will be key to understanding astrovirus transmission and zoonotic potential.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Funding: S.N.L. was supported by the National Institutes of Health, T32 HL07741.
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
- Cross-species transmission
- Virus transmission
- Zoonotic potential
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article