Intra-and cross-species transmission of astroviruses

Shanley N. Roach, Ryan A. Langlois

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Astroviruses are non-enveloped, single-stranded RNA viruses that infect mammalian and avian species. In humans, astrovirus infections are one of the most common causes of gastroenteritis in children. Infection has also been linked to serious neurological complications, especially in immunocompromised individuals. More extensive disease has also been characterized in non-human mammalian and avian species. To date, astroviruses have been detected in over 80 different avian and mammalian hosts. As the number of hosts continues to rise, the need to understand how astroviruses transmit within a given species as well as to new host species becomes increasingly important. Here, we review the current understanding of astrovirus transmission, the factors that influence viral spread, and the potential for cross-species transmission. Additionally, we highlight the current gaps in knowledge and areas of future research that will be key to understanding astrovirus transmission and zoonotic potential.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1127
JournalViruses
Volume13
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding: S.N.L. was supported by the National Institutes of Health, T32 HL07741.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Keywords

  • Astrovirus
  • Cross-species transmission
  • Recombination
  • Virus transmission
  • Zoonotic potential

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Review

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