The authors report a case of an iatrogenic carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF) associated with intracranial angioplasty. Angioplasty was performed using a 3 X 10-mm Open Sail coronary balloon in a patient with high-grade stenosis of the left cavernous internal carotid artery (ICA). After angioplasty, a perforation developed in the cavernous ICA, resulting in a CCF. A 3.5 X 9-mm S670 coronary stent was used to treat the fistula. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first reported case in which a CCF developed after angioplasty was performed using a coronary balloon. Long-term angiographic and clinical evaluation is needed to test the suitability and durability of intracranial angioplasty and stent placement in the treatment of symptomatic intracranial stenosis.
- Carotid-cavernous fistula
- Intracranial stenosis