Intranasal vaccination of rabbits with Pasteurella multocida A:3 outer membranes that express iron-regulated proteins

Anthony W. Confer, Mark A. Suckow, Marie Montelongo, S. Mady Dabo, Lawrence J. Miloscio, Arden J. Gillespie, Glacia L. Meredith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective - To determine efficacy of intranasal vaccination of rabbits with Pasteurella multocida A:3 outer membrane proteins (OMP) expressing iron-regulated OMP (IROMP) in conferring protection against experimental challenge exposure. Animals - 52 male New Zealand White rabbits. Procedure - Rabbits were vaccinated intranasally on days 0, 7, and 14; some vaccines included cholera toxin (CT) as an adjuvant. Concentrations of intranasal IgA and serum IgG antibodies against P multocida OMP were determined. In experiment A, rabbits were vaccinated with either phospate-buffered saline solution (PBSS), PBSS-CT, OMP-CT, or IROMP-CT, challenge-exposed intranasally on day 16, and euthanatized and necropsied on day 28. Rabbits were also vaccinated with OMP or IROMP without CT and were not challenge-exposed. In experiment B, rabbits were vaccinated with PBSS, PBSS-CT, IROMP, or IROMP-CT. On day 17, rabbits were challenge-exposed intranasally. Nasal bacteria and antibodies were determined on day 24. Results - In experiment A, OMP-CT vaccination stimulated mucosal and systemic antibody responses to the bacterium and enhanced resistance against challenge exposure. Intranasal bacterial counts were not significantly reduced. Vaccination with IROMP-CT stimulated mucosal and systemic antibodies, enhanced resistance to challenge exposure, and significantly reduced nasal bacterial counts. In experiment B, natural infection was detected in several rabbits at challenge exposure; however, IROMP-CT-vaccinated rabbits had significantly higher serum and nasal antibody responses, compared with other rabbitsIROMP-CT-vaccinated rabbits had significantly lower nasal bacterial counts compared to control rabbits. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance - Intranasal vaccination of rabbits with P multocida outer membranes containing IROMP and CT stimulated immunity against experimental pneumonic pasteurellosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)697-703
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican journal of veterinary research
Volume62
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2001

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