Intraspecific variation in survival and mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation in wild-caught Drosophila simulans

Richard G. Melvin, J. William O. Ballard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Lifespans of organisms vary greatly even among individuals of the same species. Under the framework of the free oxygen radical theory of aging, it is predicted that variation in individual lifespan within a species will correlate with variation in the accumulation of oxidative damage to cell components from reactive oxygen species. In this study we test the hypothesis that variation in survival of three wild-caught Drosophila simulans fly lines (HW09, NC48 and MD106) correlates with three key aspects of mitochondrial bioenergetics. The rank order of median survival was HW09 > MD106 > NC48. Young HW09 flies (11-18 days) had (i) highest ADP:O (quantity of oxygen consumed by mitochondria when provided with a quantity of ADP) when metabolizing both electron transport chain complex I and complex III substrates; (ii) lowest rate of mitochondrial hydrogen peroxide production from complex III; and (iii) highest cytochrome c oxidase activity from complex IV. Rate of hydrogen peroxide production increased and cytochrome c oxidase activity decreased in all lines in the age range 11-25 days. This is the first study to correlate natural variation in organism survival with natural variation in mitochondrial bioenergetics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)225-233
Number of pages9
JournalAging cell
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Drosophila simulans
  • Efficiency
  • Mitochondria
  • OXPHOS

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