There is a great need to develop better mechanism-based therapies for prostate cancer. In this investigation, we studied four human prostate cancer cell lines, LNCaP, DU145, LAPC4, and PC3, which differ in response to the histone deacetylase inhibitor, suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (vorinostat), a new anticancer drug. Examining the role of intrinsic mitochondrial caspase-dependent apoptosis and caspase-independent, reactive oxygen species (ROS) facilitated cell death, has provided an understanding of mechanisms that may determine the varied response to the histone deacetylase inhibitor. We found striking differences among these cancer cells in constitutive expression and response to suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid in levels of antiapoptotic and proapoptotic proteins, mitochondria membrane integrity, activation of caspases, ROS accumulation, and expression of thioredoxin, the major scavenger of ROS. Identifying these differences can have predictive value in assessing therapeutic response and identifying targets to enhance therapeutic efficacy.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||1|
|Journal||Urologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations|
|State||Published - Mar 1 2007|