Investigation of the Electronic Ground States for a Reduced Pyridine(diimine) Uranium Series: Evidence for a Ligand Tetraanion Stabilized by a Uranium Dimer

Nickolas H. Anderson, Samuel O. Odoh, Ursula J. Williams, Andrew J. Lewis, Gregory L. Wagner, Juan Lezama Pacheco, Stosh A. Kozimor, Laura Gagliardi, Eric J. Schelter, Suzanne C. Bart

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Abstract

The electronic structures of a series of highly reduced uranium complexes bearing the redox-active pyridine(diimine) ligand, MesPDIMe (MesPDIMe = 2,6-(2,4,6-Me3-C6H2-N=CMe)2C5H3N) have been investigated. The complexes, (MesPDIMe)UI3(THF) (1), (MesPDIMe)UI2(THF)2 (2), [(MesPDIMe)UI]2 (3), and [(MesPDIMe)U(THF)]2 (4), were examined using electronic and X-ray absorption spectroscopies, magnetometry, and computational analyses. Taken together, these studies suggest that all members of the series contain uranium(IV) centers with 5f2 configurations and reduced ligand frameworks, specifically [MesPDIMe]•/-, [MesPDIMe]2-, [MesPDIMe]3- and [MesPDIMe]4-, respectively. In the cases of 2, 3, and 4 no unpaired spin density was found on the ligands, indicating a singlet diradical ligand in monomeric 2 and ligand electron spin-pairing through dimerization in 3 and 4. Interaction energies, representing enthalpies of dimerization, of -116.0 and -144.4 kcal mol-1 were calculated using DFT for the monomers of 3 and 4, respectively, showing there is a large stabilization gained by dimerization through uranium-arene bonds. Highlighted in these studies is compound 4, bearing a previously unobserved pyridine(diimine) tetraanion, that was uniquely stabilized by backbonding between uranium cations and the η5-pyridyl ring. (Graph Presented).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4690-4700
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume137
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 15 2015

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