Ischaemia-reperfusion induced alterations of mitochondrial function in hypertrophied rat heart

S. B. Leichtweis, C. Leeuwenburgh, R. Chandwaney, D. J. Parmelee, L. L. Ji

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13 Scopus citations

Abstract

The impact of in vivo ischaemia and ischaemia-reperfusion (I-R) on mitochondrial respiratory function was investigated in hypertrophied (HP) hearts with aortic constriction compared with control hearts using an open-chest rat surgical model. Moreover, mitochondrial susceptibility to superoxide radicals (O2-) in vitro was examined in HP and control hearts with or without I-R. With the site I substrates pyruvate-malate, mitochondrial state 4 (basal) respiration and the respiratory control index (RCI) were not affected by either ischaemia alone or I-R in both HP and control hearts. State 3 (ADP-stimulated) respiration was increased with I-R in control hearts, but showed a reduction after I-R in the HP hearts. Exposure of mitochondria to O2- (20 nM hypoxanthine in the presence of 0.13 unit mL-1 xanthine oxidase) significantly increased state 4 respiration, whereas state 3 respiration and RCI were decreased in all treatment groups. I-R hearts in both HP and control showed greater increases in state 4 respiration with O2- than either sham or ischaemic hearts. HP hearts exhibited a significantly lesser extent of inhibition in state 3 respiration and RCI by O2- compared with control hearts. These changes in mitochondrial respiraton properties were not observed with the site II substrate succinate. Myocardial reduced vs. oxidized glutathione ratio was significantly decreased after I-R in both control and HP hearts. Malondialdehyde content showed an increase with I-R, but the increase was significant only in control hearts. These data indicate that short-term in vivo I-R does not impair heart mitochondrial respiratory function, but renders the organelles more vulnerable to imposed oxidative stress. Mitochondria from the HP hearts are more resistant to free radical damage under normal and ischaemic conditions; however, this advantage is severely compromised after reperfusion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)51-60
Number of pages10
JournalActa Physiologica Scandinavica
Volume156
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996

Keywords

  • Glutathione
  • Ischaemia-reperfusion
  • Mitochondria
  • Myocardium
  • Oxidative damage

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