We calculated the kinetics of chemical activation reactions of toluene with hydroxyl radical in the temperature range from 213 K to 2500 K and the pressure range from 10 Torr to the high-pressure limit by using multistructural variational transition state theory with the small-curvature tunneling approximation (MS-CVT/SCT) and using the system-specific quantum Rice-Ramsperger- Kassel method.The reactions of OH with toluene are important elementary steps in both combustion and atmospheric chemistry, and thus it is valuable to understand the rate constants both in the high-pressure, high-temperature regime and in the low-pressure, low-temperature regime. Under the experimental pressure conditions, the theoretically calculated total reaction rate constants agree well with the limited experimental data, including the negative temperature dependence at low temperature.We find that the effect of multistructural anharmonicity on the partition functions usually increases with temperature, and it can change the calculated reaction rates by factors as small as 0.2 and as large as 4.2.We also find a large effect of anharmonicity on the zero-point energies of the transition states for the abstraction reactions.We report that abstraction ofHfrommethyl should not be neglected in atmospheric chemistry, even though the low-temperature results are dominated by addition.We calculated the product distribution, which is usually not accessible to experiments, as a function of temperature and pressure.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported in part by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (91641127 and 91841301) and the U.S. Department of Energy (Grant DE-SC0015997).
Copyright © 2019 Rui Ming Zhang et al.