Kleptomania: Clinical characteristics and relationship to substance use disorders

Jon E. Grant, Brian L. Odlaug, Suck W Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Although categorized as an impulse control disorder, kleptomania has many features in common with substance use disorders. Objectives: This paper sought to examine the mounting evidence supporting the phenomenological, clinical, epidemiological, and biological links between kleptomania and substance addictions. Methods: A review of the literature examining family history, genetics, comorbid psychiatric conditions, neuroimaging, and phenomenology was utilized to examine the relationship of kleptomania to substance addiction. Results: Kleptomania and substance addiction share common core qualities, including similar treatment successes, as well as etiologic and phenomenological similarities. Conclusions: Future research investigating the relationship between kleptomania and substance use disorders holds significant promise in advancing prevention and treatment strategies for addiction in general. Scientific Significance: Research investigating kleptomania (and other behavioral addictions) and its relationship to substance addiction holds significant promise in advancing prevention and treatment strategies for addiction in general.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)291-295
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Volume36
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2010

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Dr. Grant has received research grants from Forest Pharmaceuticals and GlaxoSmithKline. Dr. Grant has also been a consultant to Somaxon Pharmaceuticals and for law offices as an expert in pathological gambling. Mr. Odlaug and Dr. Kim report no competing interests.

Copyright:
Copyright 2011 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Impulse control disorders
  • Kleptomania
  • Phenomenology
  • Stealing
  • Substance use
  • Treatment

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