Acute treatment of rats with haloperidol results in a rapid and transient increase in striatal c-fos mRNA and Fos immunoreactivity. The induction of immediate early genes by haloperidol may be involved in the development of extrapyramidal side effects. L-Prolyl-L-leucyl-glycinamide (PLG, or MIF-1) has been observed to antagonize the development of haloperidol-induced D2 receptor supersensitivity in rats. We investigated the modulatory effects of PLG on haloperidol-induced c-fos and Fos protein expression in the rat striatum. We report that coadministration of either PLG or the potent analog of PLG, 3(R)-[(2(S)-pyrrolidylcarbonyl)amino]-2-oxo-1-pyrrolidineacetamide (PAOPA), attenuated haloperidol-induced c-fos and Fos expression. Haloperidol induced [2 mg/kg, intraperitoneally (i.p.)] c-fos and Fos expression by 500% and 100%, respectively. These responses were attenuated by 170% and 75%, respectively, when coadministered with PLG (20 mg/kg, i.p.) or by 79% by PAOPA (10 μg/kg, i.p.). Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Inc.
- Immediate-early genes