This article provides an evaluative overview of international entrepreneurship literature, in which the issues of learning and knowledge feature as central components underlying the causes, processes, and outcomes of early internationalization. We rely on Huber's (1991) categorization of five knowledge acquisition types - experiential learning, vicarious learning, searching, grafting, and congenital learning - to organize our review and to guide our examination of the literature. We discuss convergent findings in terms of conceptual and empirical issues and set forth areas for future research.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors would like to acknowledge helpful comments of Gurneeta Vasudeva Singh on an earlier version of this article. The study was in part funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada.
- Early internationalization