Forty-seven elderly women (63 to 88 years of age, mean=71 years) were studied to determine the effect of a 25-week light resistance and aerobic exercise program upon arm and leg strength. Three groups were formed: nonexercising controls (C, n=12), exercise (EN, n=18) and exercise with light weights on the wrists and ankles (EW, n=17). Exercise was performed for one hour, three times/week. Subjects were pretested and posttested for maximal isokinetic muscle strength (angular velocity 60°/sec) for elbow flexion and extension, shoulder internal and external rotation, and knee flexion and extension. Dunn planned contrasts were used to compare C vs exercise groups combined (EN + EW) and EN vs EW. No significant differences were found among groups at baseline. EN + EW improved significantly (p<0.05) more than C in elbow extension (17%), shoulder internal rotation (14%), shoulder external rotation (9%), and knee flexion (20%). No significant differences were found between EN and EW. These data indicate that elderly women can achieve substantial gains in the strength of arm and leg musculature as a result of regular light resistance and aerobic exercise, but that the use of light weights on the wrists and ankles for added resistance did not enhance this effect.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1988|