Lipase catalyzed ester synthesis for food processing industries

Aravindan Rajendran, Anbumathi Palanisamy, Viruthagiri Thangavelu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

93 Scopus citations

Abstract

Lipases are one of the most important industrial biocatalyst which catalyzes the hydrolysis of lipids. It can also reverse the reaction at minimum water activity. Because of this pliable nature, it is widely exploited to catalyze the diverse bioconversion reactions, such as hydrolysis, esterification, interesterification, alcoholysis, acidolysis and aminolysis. The property to synthesize the esters from the fatty acids and glycerol promotes its use in various ester synthesis. The esters synthesized by lipase finds applications in numerous fields such as biodiesel production, resolution of the recemic drugs, fat and lipid modification, flavour synthesis, synthesis of enantiopure pharmaceuticals and nutraceuticals. It plays a crucial role in the food processing industries since the process is unaffected by the unwanted side products. Lipase modifications such as the surfactant coating, molecular imprinting to suit for the non-aqueous ester synthesis have also been reported. This review deals with lipase catalyzed ester synthesis, esterification strategies, optimum conditions and their applications in food processing industries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)207-219
Number of pages13
JournalBrazilian Archives of Biology and Technology
Volume52
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2009

Keywords

  • Ester
  • Esterification
  • Food applications
  • Lipase
  • Synthesis

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