Lipopolysaccharide-induced c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase activation in human neutrophils: Role of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and Syk-mediated pathways

Patrick G. Arndt, Naohito Suzuki, Natalie J. Avdi, Kenneth C. Malcolm, G. Scott Worthen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

126 Scopus citations


Polymorphonuclear leukocytes (neutrophils) respond to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) through the up-regulation of several pro-inflammatory mediators. We have recently shown that LPS-stimulated neutrophils express monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1), an AP-1-dependent gene, suggesting that LPS activates the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) pathway in neutrophils. Previously, we have shown the activation of p38 MAPK, but not JNK, in suspended neutrophils stimulated with LPS but have recently shown activation of JNK by TNF-α in an adherent neutrophil system. We show here that exposure to LPS activates JNK in non-suspended neutrophils and that LPS-induced MCP-1 expression, but not tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) or interleukin-8 (IL-8), is dependent on JNK activation. In addition, LPS stimulation of non-suspended neutrophils activates Syk and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K). Inhibition of Syk with piceatannol or PI3K with wortmannin inhibited LPS-induced JNK activation and decreased MCP-1 expression after exposure to LPS, suggesting that both Syk and PI3K reside in a signaling pathway leading to LPS-induced JNK activation in neutrophils. This Syk- and PI3K-dependent pathway leading to JNK activation after LPS exposure in non-suspended neutrophils is specific for JNK, because inhibition of neither Syk nor PI3K decreased p38 activation after LPS stimulation. Furthermore we show that PI3K inhibition decreased LPS-induced Syk activation suggesting that PI3K resides upstream of Syk in this pathway. Finally, we show that Syk associates with Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) upon LPS stimulation further implicating Syk in the LPS-induced signaling pathway in neutrophils. Overall our data suggests that LPS induces JNK activation only in non-suspended neutrophils, which proceeds through Syk- and PI3K-dependent pathways, and that JNK activation is important for LPS-induced MCP-1 expression but not for TNF-α or IL-8 expression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10883-10891
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number12
StatePublished - Mar 19 2004

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