Lipoprotein transport in the blood stream to the arterial wall in a carotid artery bifurcation

Omid Amili, Nasser Fatouraee

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The carotid arteries are a common site of atherosclerotic plaque formation, which has been linked to the blood flow patterns and the mass transport phenomenon. The purpose of this research was to study the lipid transport in a human carotid artery model, focusing on the effects of local geometric and hemodynamic factors on mass transfer from blood flow to vessel wall and its concentration at the luminal surface of the artery. The Reynolds number, 250, and the Schmidt number, 6.66×105, were selected to model the mass transfer of LDL macro molecules, and in order to see the effect of Reynolds and Schmidt numbers to mass transport, the model was analyzed with different conditions. The steady state flow was used for two dimensional carotid geometry. At the inlet, the blood flow was assumed a steady fully developed laminar velocity profile with a uniform LDL concentration. The vessel wall was assumed permeable to water and semi-permeable to LDL macro molecules. The problem was analyzed with the finite element method. The results show 26% increase of LDL concentration from inlet value at the luminal surface of the artery located In the separated flow region. The maximum value of LDL concentration occurred at the separation point.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2005 27th Annual International Conference of the Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, IEEE-EMBS 2005
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages2264-2267
Number of pages4
ISBN (Print)0780387406, 9780780387409
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2005
Event2005 27th Annual International Conference of the Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, IEEE-EMBS 2005 - Shanghai, China
Duration: Sep 1 2005Sep 4 2005

Publication series

NameAnnual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology - Proceedings
Volume7 VOLS
ISSN (Print)0589-1019

Other

Other2005 27th Annual International Conference of the Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, IEEE-EMBS 2005
CountryChina
CityShanghai
Period9/1/059/4/05

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