We have calculated the properties of an extra charge carrier in a polar medium in using a realistic self-consistent tight-binding molecular-dynamics method at finite temperature. This approach permits a quantitative, realistic study of polaron structure at finite temperatures. Using rutile titanium dioxide, as an example, we report numerical data on the participation ratio as a function of temperature. The results are consistent for a transition from a delocalized to a localized polaron at a temperature below about 100 K. We interpret the observed localization as arising from an Anderson-like mechanism in which the disorder associated with the thermal motion of the atoms localizes the electron. We briefly discuss implications for transport.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2000|