Long-term microvascular disease outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes after bariatric surgery: Evidence for the legacy effect of surgery

Karen J. Coleman, Sebastien Haneuse, Eric Johnson, Andy Bogart, David Fisher, Patrick J. O'Connor, Nancy E. Sherwood, Steve Sidney, Mary Kay Theis, Jane Anau, Emily B. Schroeder, Rebecca O'Brien, David Arterburn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To identify and quantify any legacy effect of bariatric surgery on risk of incident microvascular disease in patients with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective observational cohort study (n = 4,683; 40% racial/ethnic minority) of patients with type 2 diabetes who underwent bariatric surgery from 2001 through 2011. The primary outcome measure was incident microvascular disease defined as a composite indicator of the first occurrence of retinopathy, neuropathy, and/or nephropathy. The Cox proportional hazards framework was used to investigate the associations between type 2 diabetes remission/relapse status and time to microvascular disease. RESULTS: Covariate-adjusted analyses showed that patients who experienced type 2 diabetes remission had 29% lower risk of incident microvascular disease compared with patients who never remitted (hazard ratio [HR] 0.71 [95% CI 0.60, 0.85]). Among patients who experienced a relapse after remission, the length of time spent in remission was inversely related to the risk of incident microvascular disease; for every additional year of time spent in remission prior to relapse, the risk of microvascular disease was reduced by 19% (HR 0.81 [95% CI 0.67,0.99]) compared with patients who never remitted. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that remission of type 2 diabetes after bariatric surgery confers benefits for risk of incident microvascular disease even if patients eventually experience a relapse of their type 2 diabetes. This provides support for a legacy effect of bariatric surgery, where even a transient period of surgically induced type 2 diabetes remission is associated with lower long-term microvascular disease risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1400-1407
Number of pages8
JournalDiabetes care
Volume39
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2016

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was funded by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (5R01DK092317-04; E.B.S. was supported by 1K23DK099237-01).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 by the American Diabetes Association.

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