Longitudinal effects of developmental bisphenol A and variable diet exposures on epigenetic drift in mice

Joseph Kochmanski, Elizabeth H. Marchlewicz, Matthew Savidge, Luke Montrose, Christopher Faulk, Dana C. Dolinoy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Environmental factors, including exogenous exposures and nutritional status, can affect DNA methylation across the epigenome, but effects of exposures on age-dependent epigenetic drift remain unclear. Here, we tested the hypothesis that early-life exposure to bisphenol A (BPA) and/or variable diet results in altered epigenetic drift, as measured longitudinally via target loci methylation in paired mouse tail tissue (3 wks/10 mos old). Methylation was quantified at two repetitive elements (LINE-1, IAP), two imprinted genes (Igf2, H19), and one non-imprinted gene (Esr1) in isogenic mice developmentally exposed to Control, Control + BPA (50 μg/kg diet), Mediterranean, Western, Mediterranean + BPA, or Western + BPA diets. Across age, methylation levels significantly (p < 0.050) decreased at LINE-1, IAP, and H19, and increased at Esr1. Igf2 demonstrated Western-specific changes in early-life methylation (p = 0.027), and IAP showed marginal negative modification of drift in Western (p = 0.058) and Western + BPA (p = 0.051). Thus, DNA methylation drifts across age, and developmental nutritional exposures can alter age-related methylation patterns.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)154-163
Number of pages10
JournalReproductive Toxicology
Volume68
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bisphenol A
  • DNA methylation
  • Developmental origins of health and disease
  • Drift
  • Epigenetics
  • High fat diet

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