Introduction: Poor family management and antisocial peer associations are related risk factors for negative outcomes such as adolescent substance misuse and conduct disorders. The relationship between family management and antisocial peer associations is complex. The purpose of this study was to test the reciprocal relationships between youth-reports of poor family management and antisocial peer associations over multiple time-points. Methods: We used four data points (5th-11th grade) from the Australian arm of the longitudinal International Youth Development Study (IYDS) to test a random-intercepts cross-lagged path model (N = 922). Results: The model fit the data well with path estimates showing that poor family management predicted greater antisocial peer associations at the next wave but not the reverse. A second model included a third autoregressive path to control for youth's own antisocial behavior; the direction of the relationships between poor family management and antisocial peer associations did not change. Conclusions: These results indicate that across adolescence poor family management predicts greater antisocial peer association, which provides evidence that family-focused interventions are an important prevention strategy even in adolescence.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Funding for data collection for this research came from the National Institute on Drug Abuse ( R01-DA012140 ) and two Australian Research Council Discovery Projects ( DPO0663371 , DPO877359 ).
Dr. Chan is supported by a University of Queensland Fellowship .
Dr. Mehus is supported by the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) under National Research Service Award in Primary Medical Care grant number T32HP22239 (PI: Borowsky), Bureau of Health Workforce .
© 2018 The Foundation for Professionals in Services for Adolescents
- Antisocial behavior
- Family management
- Parental monitoring
- Peer relationships