We show that coupling the standard model to a Lorentz symmetry-violating sector may coexist with viable phenomenology provided that the interaction between the two is mediated by higher-dimensional operators. In particular, if the new sector acquires anisotropic-scaling behavior above a "Hořava-Lifshitz" energy scale Λ HL and couples to the standard model through interactions suppressed by M pl, the transmission of the Lorentz violation into the standard model is protected by the ratio ΛHL2/Mpl2. A wide-scale separation Λ HL≪ M pl can then make Lorentz-violating terms in the standard model sector within experimental bounds without fine-tuning. We first illustrate our point with a toy example of Lifshitz-type neutral fermion coupled to photon via the magnetic moment operator, and then implement similar proposal for the Hořava-Lifshitz gravity coupled to conventional Lorentz-symmetric matter fields. We find that most radiatively induced Lorentz violation can be controlled by a large-scale separation, but the existence of instantaneously propagating non-Lifshitz modes in gravity can cause a certain class of diagrams to remain quadratically divergent above Λ HL. Such problematic quadratic divergence however can be removed by extending the action with terms of higher Lifshitz-dimension, resulting in a completely consistent setup that can cope with the stringent tests of Lorentz invariance.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology|
|State||Published - May 3 2012|